Wind Energy

The wind energy and environment: impact assessment of the operations of Wind Farm

The wind energy is one of the leading alternative sources of energy, because has many advantages, specifically:
– is environmentally friendly, because wind turbines don’t emit of pollutant substances into atmosphere;
– wind energy is inexhaustible source and free of charge, but installing of wind turbine must be financed;
– a possibility to be installed in hard-to-reach areas;
– autonomy of functioning;
– Not required large-scale area for installing of wind turbines.

To determine the area for allocation of wind farm is important to consider the optimal meteorological conditions (wind power potential), soil stability for installing of the wind turbines and routes of bird migration. Accordingly, to the Act № 808 (http://www.mcl.kiev.ua) of Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and the list of ecologically hazardous types of activities, the wind farm is ecologically safe object. Nevertheless, during an exploitation of wind turbines is observed noise and vibration pollution of surroundings. That`s why for safe exploitation of wind turbines is required to determine a sanitary-hygienic zone (http://www.mcl.kiev.ua) in accordance to the requirements of State Sanitary Rules 173-96 (http://www.mcl.kiev.ua).

Determining of the sizes of sanitary-hygienic zone (http://www.mcl.kiev.ua) depends on the types of wind turbines, their quantity and land plot for placement of wind generator. To comprehensively analyze of the exploitation of wind farm is required to conduct environmental impact assessment (of projected wind farm accordingly to the article №3 of the law of Ukraine «On evaluation of impact on environment» (http://www.mcl.kiev.ua)). In case of credits and investments from international financial organizations is required the conduction of ESIA – Social and Environmental Impact Assessment (http://www.mcl.kiev.ua).
Our experts are able to provide a complex of services for exploitation of wind farm within the limits prescribed by environmental protection legislation. Besides, the competency of specialists of MCL, LLC (http://www.mcl.kiev.ua) is carrying out of Social and Environmental Impact Assessment (http://www.mcl.kiev.ua). Choosing MCL, LLC (http://www.mcl.kiev.ua) you get a reliable business partner in the field of ecology, management and law.

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